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Cultural Landscape of Honghe Hani Rice Terraces
Updated:2019-04-05 14:04:00

The cultural landscape of Honghe Hani Rice Terraces, system of Hani rice-growing, covers 16,603 hectares in Yunnan province. It is famous for spectacular terraces that cascade down the slopes of the towering Ailao Mountains to the banks of the Honghe River. The cultural landscape of the Honghe Hani Rice Terraces was added to the list on June 22, 2013.
Over the past 1,300 years, the Hani people have established a complex system of channels to bring water from the forested mountaintops to the terraces. An integrated farming system was also created, which involves buffalos, cattle, ducks, fish and eel and supports the production of red rice, the area¡¯s primary crop. The inhabitants worship natural phenomena such as the sun, moon, mountains, rivers, forests and fire. They live in 82 villages between the mountaintop forests and the terraces. The villages feature traditional thatched ¡°mushroom¡± houses. Through the resilient land management system of the rice terraces, we can see extraordinary harmony between people and their environment, both visually and ecologically, based on exceptional and long-standing social and religious structures.


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